The State of Afar consists of 5 administrative zones, 29 woredas and 28 towns. The
rural area has 326 farmers associations, while the urban part has 32 kebeles. Afar is
the origin of human species, where a 4.4 million years old humanoid is recently
The capital city of the state of Afar is Aysaita
Afar is located in the eastern part of Ethiopia. The region has common boundaries
with the State of Eritrea in the north-east, with Tigray in the north-west, with Amhara
in the south-west, with Oromia in the south, with the State of Somalia in the
south-east and with the Republic of Djibouti in the east.
The State of Afar has got an estimated area of 270,000 square kilometers.
According to the census, the population of the state of Afar as of 22nd July 1996 was
1,106,383 of which 626,839 were males and according to the 1994 census, is
estimated at 1,106,383 of which 626,839 are males and 479,544 are females. Rural
population is about 1,020,504 (92.2%), while the urban population is counted at
The major ethnic compositions are Afar 91.8%, Amhara 4.5%, Argoba 0.92%,
Tigraway 0.82%,Oromo 0.7%, Wolaita 0. 45%, and Hadiya 0.013%.
Regardig religion 96% of the population are Muslim, 3.86% Orthodox Christians,
0.43% Protestants, 0.09% Catholics and others constitute 0.02%.
The Afarigna language is predominantly (90.8%) spoken in the region. It is also the
working language of the state. Other major languages spoken in the state includes
Amharic 6.68%, Tigrigna 0.74%, Oromifa 0.68%, Argobigna 0.4% and Wolaitigna
MAJOR ECONOMIC ACTIVITIES
90% the states's of population is leading a pastoral life by rearing camels, cattle,
goats, sheep and donkeys. Agriculture such as production of maize, beans, sorghum,
papaya, banana, and orange is also practiced. Cotton production is also typical to the
region. Commerce, especially of salt, is another area of occupation.
TOPOGRAPHY AND CLIMATE
The state is found in the rift valley. Most of the region is flat land. The altitude of the
region ranges from 116 meter below sea level (where one of the highest temperature
[500C] on earth has been recorded) to 1600 meters above sea level. The lowland
areas of Afar are generally below 1600 meters above sea level. The highest peak,
mount Mussa-Alle is just 2063 meters above sea level. The temperature of Afar
varies from 250C during the rainy season (September-March) to 480C during the dry
season (March-September). The average annual rainfall registered for 11 years at
Dubti station was 187.9mm.
RIVERS AND LAKES
The Awash river, Mille and Logia which are tributaries of the Awash river traverse the
region. Abbe Bil, Afambo and Adebel lakes which are connected to the last section of
the river Awash, are found in the region. They form an important habitat for river and
Salt, Potash, Sulfur, Manganese, Bentonite, Aluminium, Marble, Gypsum and
Petroleum are possible major resources of the region.
Tendaho geothermal energy is the most promising power source for electricity. The
state has also a plausible source for solar energy.
TOURISM AND HERITAGE
Awash natural reserve, Yagundu-Ras national park and the Dallol depression are
expressions of Ethiopia's desert beauty. Some of the attractions of this game reserve
include Abyssinian wild ass, Grevy's zebra, beisa oryx, crocodiles, lions, grater kudu,
wild (bat eared) fox, wild cat, cheetah, Grant's gazelle, and warthog.
Besides, Hadar, where a 4.4 million years old humanoid is recently discovered is
found in this state.
Eighty-one private investors of which 60 are active, have been given licenses in
areas of agriculture, construction, small scale industry and services. The total amount
of investment is Birr 551.2 million. 305,947 persons will benefit from the regular and
temporary employment opportunity created by these investment projects.
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|HIs Excellency Ismael Ali Sirro
President of Afar Regionr