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GERD impoundment 2.0
22 August 2020
By Brook Abdu
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Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed (PhD) vows to proceed with the second impoundment of the reservoir
behind the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam (GERD), pledging that nothing would stop the filling
when the time comes. The PM said so in a meeting held at the Office of the Prime Minister to assess
the progress of the GERD since the start of the first filling, on August 20, 2020.

Indicating that the project has been a “skeleton” until now and the next stage of construction will link
it to peoples’ lives, he stated: “If we don’t do what we planned for this year, the project as well as all
our praises to it will be in vain.”

The PM also highlighted that critical civil and electromechanical works remain to be completed, this

“If we can raise the level of water in the reservoir from the current 4.9 billion cubic meters to 18.4
billion cubic meters, we can say that the project is almost completed. Whatever comes afterwards
cannot stop the project,” Abiy said. “This year’s activities are a matter of realizing the dam or not.”

The PM also reminded that the work of the dam is not only done at the project site but in ensuring
the peace and security of the country as well as neighboring countries like Djibouti.

“We also have to work hard to maintain the peace and security of Djibouti. If anything happens in
Djibouti, the project work will be delayed accordingly. And if so, the next year’s impoundment will be
compromised. Therefore, it is meaningful for the project that we work hard to maintain the peace and
security in Djibouti,” he added by also highlighting that the security of the road from Djibouti to the
construction site is critical and needs cooperation from all parts of the society.

In his progress report to the high-level team of officials in the meeting including the PM, his deputy
Demeke Mekonnen, Foreign Affairs Minister Gedu Andargachew, Water and Energy Minister Seleshi
Bekele (PhD), Finance State Minister Eyob Tekaligh (PhD), Education Minister Abraham Belay (PhD)
and National Bank Governor Yinager Dessie (PhD), Kifle Horro (Eng.), project manager, also
stressed that this year’s task of second impoundment is critical with a potential of delaying the dam
by year if not completed according to the schedule. This includes raising the right and left sides of
the dam to 645 meters above sea level and middle to 595 meters above sea level.

Hence, in order to complete this, access to the spots where the various contractors reach their
places of work as well as cooperation among the various contractors is needed, he underlined.

Kifle also stated that the total cost of the GERD at completion will be 160 billion birr while 36.5 billion
birr is required from now to completion, while a total of 121.5 billion birr has been spent until August
2020. The initial budget for the Dam was 78.3 billion birr.

The Prime Minister blamed the delay of the dam for this spike and said the rest of the money spend
could have been invested in another similar projects if the Dam was completed at least at the cost of
80 billion birr.

According to Kifle, early generation of electricity from the Dam is expected in July 2021, upon the
completion of the second impoundment. December 2023 is said to be the timetable for completion of
the last unit of the Dam.

While the impact of the novel coronavirus pandemic on the project is not significant so far, a special
protocol is needed for trucks entering the project site as more than 1000 trucks unload cement and
various goods to the project site, every month.